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Us 7, U.s. 5, Sarath Fonseka 5, Mahinda Rajapaksa 4, Davos 4, Afghanistan 4, Goldsmith 3, Sri Lanka 3, London 3, Colombo 3, Gordon Brown 2, Karzai 2, Obama 2, Taliban 2, Stanley Mcchrystal 2, Catherine T. Macarthur 2, Newman 2, John D. 2, Haiti 2, Port-au-prince 2,
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  WHUT    BBC World News    News/Business.  
   International issues. (CC)  

    January 27, 2010
    7:00 - 7:30am EST  

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kc, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news" today. sri lanka's president mahinda rajapaksa wins a second term in office. troops around his opponents hotel and sarath fonseka himself rejects the results. u.s. rescuers treat a 35-year- old man, the longest known survivor of the haiti earthquake.
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the top soldier in afghanistan says that despite the troops surge, it will be up to afghans to bring about peace. >> i think we as international partners give them an opportunity to do that. >> world economic forum gets under way in davos. talks are under way on how to sustain a fragile recovery. >> it is 7:00 game in washington, midday in london, an5:30 p.m. in colombo. mahinda rajapaksa has been declared president for a second term. he won 58% of the bowed to his former army chief sarath fonseka's 40%. in the last hour, mr. sarath
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fonseka has said he will now start legal proceedings to have the results of an old. the presence of troops outside his hotel, the general says, will not allow him to leave. >> celebrations by supporters of president mahinda rajapaksa on the streets of colombo with the election commission declaring him back in office for a second term. this has been challenged by his rival. one of the supporters of the president made it clear why he got his vote. >> sri lanka had six presidents, but mahinda rajapaksa is the only president who stood up to the world community. a very different scene at the hotel where sarath fonseka was staying with other opposition leaders. as the boats were still being
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counted, troops surrounded the hotel -- as the votes were still being counted, troops surrounded the hotel. opposition politicians said they were very alarmed. >> we would not want to resort to such highhanded tactics to intimidate a common opposition can't candidates. president mahinda rajapaksa and the former army chief, sarath fonseka, were still closed last year. they went on to become acrimonious rivals after sarath fonsa decided to challenge the incumbent president with a strong campaign focus on a corruption. now contesting the results, he
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has reported to accused mahinda rajapaksa of misappropriating public funds. >> in no doubt after the election is the continuing challenge of rebuilding an economy that has so far only seen the partial dividend. >> le's go to our colombo correspondent. charles, bring us up-to-date on the situation around sarath fonseka's hotel. are the troops still surrounding it? what does it mean? >> there's a lot of noise and firecrackers in the background. there's even some thunder to confuse things. if you cannot hear me, that's the reason. there are still troops outside the luxury hotel where sarath fonseka and his opposition allies spent last night. the general told me in the middle of the night that he fears being arrested. after that, the troop numbers
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were increased. he said that he feared arrest. i heard from the defense secretary that there's no reason we should persecute the general for standing in the election and he is free to come out, if he wants. he did say that the general may have to face consequences for certain allegations made against the government during the campaign. you cannot imagine a state of more bad blood between the incumbent president and his main rival, who now says he rejects the results. >> is it correct that the independent experts appeared to believe the election itself was more or less free and fair, but there are big questions about the period leading up to the election?
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>> they did raise a very big questions about the period in up to the elections. the use of the state media, the print media, which a blanket coverage to mahinda rajapaksa and nothing at all to the general sarath fonseka. there were some bomb blasts in the tamil tiger dominated north of the country, which deterre many people from voting. that's a serious issue. there were not clams' of things like ballot stuffing. now says that he doesn't us acce president of rigging. he says the election results should not be declared until the complaints have been addressed. the official results have been declared, giving mahinda rajapaksa 58% and sarath
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fonseka 40%. >> charles, thank you. let's cross to our studios in central london. what do you make of this suggestion that charles has been talking about? that general sarath fonseka may have questions to answer about some of his allegations? it sounds very much like a threat. >> the whole campaign has been on not political aspects, but a personal campaign against the two main candidates. there were accusations of all kinds. it could be anything. also, the military spokesman today have said that they are worried about army deserters who are with the general.
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that could be one issue that they want to seek some sort of reprieval. >> it's a very much sounds like we have come to the end of a democratic process, but it may not have resolved a huge amount. there's lots of unfinished business. >> there is a lot of unfinished business politically as well. one of the main things after the war -- but none of the candidates and interesaddresseds of the tamil people. overwhelmingly, they have voted for general sarath fonseka. there are unresolved issues. >> thank you. a round up of some other stories. talks continue in northern
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ireland to try to break the deadlock. gordon brown, the irish prime minister, and leaders of the main party, held talks until early morning without reaching an agreement. north korea has reported to a fired a second body of shells into the sea from artillery positions close to the south korean border. the north says the firing as part of an annual drill. the israeli prime minister is in poland to mark the liberation of the nazi death camp auschwitz. he will be joined by the polish president. a man has been pulled alive from the rubble in haitiwo weeks after the earthquake destroyed the capital of port-au-prince and killed as many as 200,000 people. the man is being tated in a
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hospital for a broken leg and minor injuries. >> this plan had been trapped for 12 days. he was severely dehydrated and had a broken leg. he was first discovered by a group of haitians. he was pulled out from the ruins covered in dust by american troops. reports say he had been trapped by an aftershock, rather than the initial earthquake. that still makes him the longest survivor so far. during the last two weeks, more than 130 people have been pulled alive by rescue teams. the officials have declared the search and rescue operation over four days ago. it seems some people are not willing to give up hope, and
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define the odds to return to their loved ones. >> at the iraq war inquiry, the attorney general at the time of the invasion has been explaining why he decided the complex was illegal. it was the legal advice that cleared the way for the briti jd invasion of iraq. lord goldsmith said he first advised that the invasion could not be justified on the grounds of self-defense or regime change. he explained how he later changed his position. >> at one stage, my provisional view was,aking all these factors into the balance, there was not announced there. subsequently -- for good reasons which i will seek to explain. when i had to reach a definitive
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view on this. >> peter is outside the inquiry and has been following it closely. peter, you had this change of mind from florida goldsmith. are we any closer to knowing what brought that about? -- you have this change of mind from lord goldsmith. >> we are still moving toward the crucial period of march 2003. seven years have elapsed and we are still chewing over the intricacs. and then there was the argument about whether or not a said a un resolution would be needed in order to authorize the use of force against iraq. that is where we are at the moment with goldsmith's testimony. at times, it has been quiet
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legalistic. he was the government's top legal adviser. he has said that his provisional view after the resolution was passed in november of 2002, that a second resolution would be needed. and it would eliminate any possibility of a legal challenge. by january 2003, he was asked for more advice by the prime minister tony blair. on the 27th of february, he was pulled to no. 10 downing street and he said there was a reasonable case. we know that the opinion continues to revolve for change. -- evolve or change right up to three days before thear wn he finally gave his green light. >> thank you.
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thank you. their meeting to work out new ways of boosting the fragile global economy. 30 heads of states and governments, along with business executives, are at the annual gathering at the world economic forum in davos. they're trying to remind the global elite that they're still in the dark in intertional public opinion. the director of the world trade organization joins me now. thank you for taking time out to talk to us. to what extent is this financial crisis -- to what extent has that setback your goal? >> what happened last year in trade was pretty dramatic. the drop in world trade was - 10% in volume.
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things are now picking up, especially in asia, latin america, and what this crisis has shown is that we have been able to contain -- >> that is what i was really hinting at. the response to the financial problems, both in america and the european union was to have protectionist measures. >> we have been monitoring this very closely. the result, at this stage, is there has not been a significant rise of proteconism. if you take world trade today, it is as open as it was last
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year. overall, the system has worked. i am prudent and i'm cautious because these protectionist cautions are linked to the situation on the job market. we know that things may not be improving short-term in the job market. the risk is still here, but for the moment, it has been reasonably well contained. >> davos will be concentrating on how one keeps this rather err for agile recovery going. from your point of view, how greworrying is it? asia is pulling out quicker and faster and better than europe and america. >> frankly speaking, we should be happy that some places in
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this world are growing more rapidly than others. the recovery will probably be slow. we now have china, india, brazil, south africa, and indonesia pulling much more than in the past. pipe in order for this to were -- four in order to this to work, we need trade to remain open. the best way to do that is to keep opening trade, which is why concluding this negotiation, which started more than eight years ago, remains a priority. of course, we will also be discussing that here in davos. >> thank you. this is "bbc world news" today.
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the top soldier in afghanistan tells the bbc it will be up to advance to bring about peace. with a massive budget deficit and unemployment at 10%, the u.s. economy is expected to dominate barack obama's speech to congress. a look at the president's priorities for his first state of the union address. >> it was a glimmer of good news from the u.s. car industry. 1200 new jobs at a ford plant in chicago. another 54 gm in baltimore. with u.s. unemployment at 10%, it needs much more. >> here is what we will talk about. we will talk about how we can focus on job creation and growth. some of the things we are proposing are things that should get strong, bipartisan support.
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>> money will be in other major theme. do not look for too much bipartisanship. >> we are on a course that is totally unsustainable. >> republicans do not want more taxes pre democrats do not want spending cuts. fighting a solution that congress will approve is not easy, especially because of this man. the democrat senate majority shrank last week. now the president no longer has the votes he needs for the health care and climate change bill. >> the white house says obama will be as ambitious lasthis year as he was last year. expect his the speech to focus his ambitions to creating what is popular and what is achievable. in the words of one official,
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that means jobs, jobs, and more jobs. >> we will bring you full ve coverage of president obama's first-aid of the union address -- first state of the union address here. this is "bbc world news" today. sri lanka's president mahinda rajapaksa has won the election victory. his main rival, general sarath fonseka, has rejected the results. he will challenge it. american troops in haiti have pulled a man alive from the rubble two weeks after the earthquake destroyed port-au- prince the capital-. -- destroyed the capital of port-au-prince. the future of afghanistan is a hinged with uncertainty. nato has more than 100,000 troops trying to bring peace and stability to the country. president karzai is under pressure to crack down on
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corruption and taliban insurgents. parliamentary elections have been delayed because of a lack of funding. it is against this backdrop that the london conference on the future of afghanistan begins wednesday. you have been talking to general stanley mcchrystal about the role his troops will play in the months and years to come. >> what is your function? are you here to defeat the taliban? are you here to shore up the government in kabul? are you here as part of a long- term military presence? are you care to make sure that american troops and foreign troops can get out next year? >> we're here to give time and space for the afghan people to build a nation. we will not build a nation for them, nor can we secure the nation for them. it must be done by afghans. as international partners, we givehem an opportunity to do
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that. in doing that, we also meet our own requirements. we prevent the return of transnational terrorists like al-qaeda, and the return of a repressive regime, which is pretty unacceptable to anyone. >> who are you fighting? i have been watching the taliban for 20 years now. they have changed a great deal. what structure do they have now? >> they have a fairly organized structure of shuttle governors. -- shadow governors. in many cases, they do not have any real influence. much of the country is not under significant insurgent pressure. >> is it true that they are paid more than afghan policeman? >> there's not a taliban pay
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rate. our intelligence tells us they get between two hundred dollars and $3 per month. that's more than the afghan army used to make. -- our intelligence tells us they get around $300 per month. there's an economic incentive for many of the young men. >> every time i come here, i like to tk to ordinary people. the one thing they always say is the americans and british kill are civilians. >> let me give you some perspective but i want to make sure this is done in context. civilian casualties is something i feel very strongly a bout. if you look at the increase in violence over the last few years, although it has a seasonal look to it, that has gone up.
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the level of casualties to civilians has also gone up. i will try to match on the seasonal part, but it has also gone up on those caused by the insurgents. the taliban has continued to increase the number -- >> these are suicide bombings? >> suicide bombings, direct fire, that kind of thing, where they clearly killed afghans. coalition caused have gone down in this period. statistically, that should have gone up with more fighting and more forces. it should have gone up at least proportionally to this, but it did not. it went down pit it may down because we went a conscious effort to force it down. having said that, the right number here is zero. when you're trying to protect
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people and you're trying to respect them, is hard to explain to them that we're here to protect you but we destroyed your house. for the afghan populist, we owe them everything they can to get to zero. we can get better, but unless they perceive that we got better, we do not get the increased support from that. >> will we start to see results by next year? >> yes. >> will you be able to let some of the soldiers go by next year? >> if we president obama talk 2011 president has directed we will begin a reduction of u.s. forces. i understand that guidance. i do not see any problem with us meeting that. as the increase in afghan national security forces ramps up, i believe that us allowing
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time and space in the near term, i think we will be able to do that without any major problems. >> john simpson talking to general stanley mcchrystal. in a few hours, british prime minister gordon brown and president karzai will be taking questions from afghan and british students on downg street. much more on our web site. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. the newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its
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financial strength to work for a wide range of companies from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> i'm julia stiles. >> i'm kevin bacon. >> i'm kim cattrall. >> hi, i'm ken burns. >> i'm lili taylor. >> i'm henry louis gates, jr., and public broadcasting is my source for news about the world. >> for intelligent conversation. >> for election coverage you can count on. >> for conversations beyond the sound bites. >> a commitment to journalism. >> for deciding who to vote for. >> i'm kerry washington, and public broadcasting is my source for intelligent connections to my community. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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